When you are first learning how to cook, biscuits may seem difficult. I promise they aren’t difficult. This is learning how to not over mix your ingredients so you get soft fluffy biscuits. This recipe is part of my learn to cook series, where I am cooking every recipe out of my old home economics cookbook.
A biscuit is a type of “quick bread”. Quick bread are breads that you can make without using any yeast. Other types of quick breads are muffins, banana bread, biscuits, and popovers. Since this recipe was for junior high students, you know this is an easy homemade biscuit recipe. They are made with flour, butter (or shortening), baking powder, milk, and salt. Sometimes people add just a little bit of sugar to the biscuits as well. The perfect biscuit should have a golden brown top and bottom, and the inside should be soft and fluffy.
To make a good biscuit you need to measure your ingredients carefully, and do not overwork the dough. This is a bread that is best made without a mixer. Often when we bake we use a mixer, but not here. If you over mix the dough they will become tough and hard. The basic steps of preparing a biscuit is to measure your dry and your wet ingredients. You will sift together your dry ingredients. If you don’t have a fancy sifter, don’t worry, use a colander, they work very well too. By shifting together your ingredients you are mixing your dry ingredients, and giving them some air so they won’t be too dense. You will then add your fat to the dough and work this in. You will want to coat the flour mixture with the fat. You can use a pastry blender or a fork. You will want to work in the fat, it will first take on the appearance of peas, and then it will look like coarse crumbs. Up until this point, you can work the dough as much as you want.
When you add the wet ingredients mix only until everything is blended. This will not be a smooth dough, it will be lumpy. Do not let this worry you. Only mix until all of the dough is wet. At this point, you can overwork the dough. If your biscuits come out hard, next time, mix them less. If you follow these steps you will have a perfect breakfast treat. Be sure to serve these with some homemade sausage gravy.
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- 2 cups flour
- 3 teaspoons baking powder
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1/4 cup shortening
- 3/4 cup milk
- Preheat oven to 450 degrees.
- Sift dry ingredients together into a mixing bowl. Cut the shortening in with a pastry blender or a fork until it is like coarse crumbs. Add the milk all at once. Stir just enough to make a soft dough, do not over mix the dough. Place dough on a lightly floured surface.
- Either pat the dough out the biscuit dough or roll the dough with a rolling pin until the dough is 1/2 inch thick. When the biscuits are at a 1/2 thickness cut with a floured cookie cutter, or glass. Place on an ungreased baking sheet. Bake for 10 to 12 minutes.
- Biscuits are done when they are golden brown slightly freckled top and bottom with white sides. They should be twice the size of unbaked biscuits and free from excess flour. For a special treat you can brush the tops of the biscuits with melted butter.